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Introduction

At a glance "Elul - Tishrei"

Observances: Month of Elul

Month of Tishrei

Observances: Entire Elul & Tishrei

 
 Customs What is Elul?


September 7 - October 18, 2020 / 18 Elul - 30 Tishrei, 5781

with candle-lighting times for Brooklyn, NY (*)
other cities

Holiday Date Activity
18 Elul Monday
September 7
23 Elul Saturday
September 12
  • 1 Hour after midnight Selichos are recited. Then every morning until Rosh Hashana the Selichos are recited in the early morning.
Erev
Rosh
Hashana
Friday
September 18
  • Hatarat Nedarim (Nullification of Vows) after the Shachrit (morning) prayers.

  • Prepare a candle or flame that will be able to burn safely for more than 24 hours. (For example: a Yahrzeit candle. This will be used to light the Yom Tov Candles on Saturday night).

  • Light Yom Tov Candles -- 18 minutes before Sunset (6:41).

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Shabbos & Rosh Hashana

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Shabbos V'Shel Yom Ha-zi-ko-ron.

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom She-heche-yo-nu Ve-ki-yi-mo-nu Ve-higi-o-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh.

Rosh Hashana Saturday
September 19
  • Light Yom Tov Candles AFTER nightfall (7:40), from a pre-existing flame.

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Rosh Hashana

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Yom Ha-zi-ko-ron.

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom She-heche-yo-nu Ve-ki-yi-mo-nu Ve-higi-o-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh.
NOTE: A pre-existing flame is a flame burning continuously since the onset of the festival, such as a pilot light, gas or candle flame.

Rosh Hashana Sunday
September 20
  • Blowing of Shofar and the Tashlich service in the afternoon.

  • Yom Tov ends after nightfall (7:38).

3 Tishrei Monday
September 21
  • Fast of Gedaliah - A daytime fast - We neither eat nor drink, from approximately three hours before sunrise until 40 minutes after sunset (sunset is: 6:54).
6 Tishrei Thursday
September 24
  • Yahrzeit of Rebitzen Chana - the mother of the Rebbe. A day which the Rebbe would encourage for women to add in their commitment to the special Mitzvot obligatory on the Jewish women, for which the name Chana is an acronym.

    A. Maintaining a Kosher home.
    B. The observance of Taharat Hamishpacha
    C. The lighting of Shabbos and Yom Tov candles.

7 TishreiFriday
September 25
  • Light Shabbos Candles 18 minutes before Sunset (6:29).

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Shabbos

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Shabbos Koi-desh.

8 TishreiShabbos
September 26
  • Shabbos ends after nightfall (7:28).

Erev
Yom Kippur
Sunday
September 27
  • Kapporos service in the early morning.

  • Festive meal in the early afternoon.

  • Light the candles 18 minutes before Sunset (6:26).

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Yom-Kippur

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Yom Ha-ki-purim.

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom She-heche-yo-nu Ve-ki-yi-mo-nu Ve-higi-o-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh.

  • Fast begins. One does not eat nor drink until after the fast ends Monday night.

Yom Kippur Monday
September 28
  • Yizkor memorial prayers.

  • Yom Kippur ends after nightfall (7:24).

  • After Maariv (evening services) it is a custom to do the Kidush Levanah Service before going home.
Sukkot Eve Friday
October 2
  • Prepare a candle or flame that will be able to burn safely for more than 24 hours. (For example: a Yahrzeit candle. This will be used to light the Yom Tov Candles on Saturday night).

  • Light Yom Tov Candles -- 18 minutes before Sunset (6:18).

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Shabbos & Yom Tov

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Shabbos V'Shel Yom Tov.

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom She-heche-yo-nu Ve-ki-yi-mo-nu Ve-higi-o-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh.

  • Foods and drink are consumed in the Sukkah Prior to eating a meal in the Sukkah we recite the following blessing:

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de- sha-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Vi-tzi-vo-nu Le-shev Ba-su-kah.
First day
of Sukkos
Saturday
October 3
  • Light Yom Tov Candles after nightfall, from a pre-existing flame (7:16), from a pre-existing flame.

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Yom Tov

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Yom Tov.

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom She-heche-yo-nu Ve-ki-yi-mo-nu Ve-higi-o-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh.

Second day
of Sukkos
Sunday
October 4
  • Shake the four kinds; We recite the following blessings:

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sha-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Vi-tzi-vo-nu Awl Ne-tee-las Lu-luv.

  • The following blessing is said only the first time before we shake the Four Kinds:

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom She-heh-che-yoh-nu Vi-ki-ye-mo-nu Ve-he-ge-o-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh.

  • Yom Tov ends after nightfall (7:15).

Chol HaMoed - Intermediate Days
Monday - Friday, October 5 - October 9
1st day
Chol Hamoed
Monday
October 5
  • We do not put on Tefilin today.

  • Shake the four kinds.

  • Special additional prayer is said in the morning - Hallel, Hoshaanos, Musaf for Sukkot.

2nd day
Chol Hamoed
Tuesday
October 6
  • We do not put on Tefilin today.

  • Shake the four kinds.

  • Special additional prayer is said in the morning - Hallel, Hoshaanos, Musaf for Sukkot.

3rd day
Chol Hamoed
Wednesday
October 7
  • We do not put on Tefilin today.

  • Shake the four kinds.

  • Special additional prayer is said in the morning - Hallel, Hoshaanos, Musaf for Sukkot.

4th day
Chol Hamoed
Thursday
October 8
  • We do not put on Tefilin today.

  • Shake the four kinds.

  • Special additional prayer is said in the morning - Hallel, Hoshaanos, Musaf for Sukkot.

  • After midnight we recite the entire Psalms (Tehilim). Afterwards we eat an apple dipped in honey.
Hoshaana
Rabah
Friday
October 9
  • We do not put on Tefilin today.

  • Shake the four kinds.

  • Hoshaana Rabah Special additional prayer is said in the morning - Hallel, (all) Hoshaanos, Musaf for Sukkot.

  • After Mincha we conclude recital of Psalm 27.

  • Prepare a candle or flame that will be able to burn safely for more than 24 hours. (For example: a Yahrzeit candle. This will be used to light the Yom Tov Candles on Saturday night).

  • Light Yom Tov Candles -- 18 minutes before Sunset (6:06).

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Shabbos & Yom Tov

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Shabbos V'Shel Yom Tov.

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom She-heche-yo-nu Ve-ki-yi-mo-nu Ve-higi-o-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh.

  • After Maariv; Dancing with the Torah.
Shemini
Atzeret
Saturday
October 10
  • Yizkor memorial prayers and Geshem Prayers

  • Light Yom Tov Candles after nightfall, from a pre-existing flame (7:05), from a pre-existing flame.

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Yom Tov

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Yom Tov.

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom She-heche-yo-nu Ve-ki-yi-mo-nu Ve-higi-o-nu Liz-man Ha-zeh.

  • After Maariv; Dancing with the Torah.
Simchas
Torah
Sunday
October 11
  • Hakafot (Dancing with the Torah).

  • All males get Aliya to the Torah.

  • Yom-Tov ends after nightfall (7:03).

28 TishreiFriday
October 16
  • Light Shabbos Candles 18 minutes before Sunset (5:56).

  • After lighting the candles, recite:
      Blessing for Shabbos

    • Bo-ruch A-toh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ho-olom A-sher Ki-de-sho-nu Be-mitz-vo-sov Ve-tzi-vo-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Shabbos Koi-desh.

29 TishreiShabbos
October 17
  • Shabbos ends after nightfall (6:54).

* Notes:
  • The sunrise/sunset routines lack accuracy. If you enter geographic coordinates above the Arctic Circle or Antarctic Circle, the times are guaranteed to be wrong.

  • To show candle lighting time for a city other than Brooklyn, NY click here.

 Customs What is Elul?



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